According Serbian media State Department is the only government of the QUINT countries (U.S, Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy) that is against executive powers of the Association of Serb municipalities in Kosovo.
Serbia and Kosovo are having dialogue process in Brussels under the sponsorship of the EU. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in 2007. Serbia doesn`t recognize this act of Priština and the EU looks for way of normal coexistence between Serbia and Kosovo. The dialogue is led by Serbia and Kosovo PMs Ivica Dačić and Hashim Thaci, with European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton as a mediator in process.
The whole dialogue process is now in danger because the executive and judicial powers of the Association of Serb municipalities in Kosovo are completely unacceptable for Priština. On the other hand, Serbian top officials have already said that they want Priština to make compromise:
“Priština wasn`t constructive enough by now. We are sending the clear message that we expect they change their attitude and show much more willingness to make compromise”, said Marko Djurić, Adviser to the Serbian president Tomislav Nikolić.
What is the Serbian proposition regarding Kosovo? Serbian top officials ask for constitution of the Association of Serb municipalities in Kosovo which would be made of all Serbian municipalities in Kosovo (municipalities with majority of Serbs), from north and other parts of Kosovo. This Association would have executive and judicial powers and it would be subordinated to the central government of Kosovo, connected in transparent way with Belgrade as well. Belgrade also wants the jurisdiction of the Association of Serbs municipalities to become a part of both Kosovo and Serbia Constitutions.
Serbia wouldn`t formally recognize Kosovo as an independent state but in many ways it would act like it did. Serbia also woudn`t make any obstacles for Kosovo membership in international associations.
On the other hand, Priština is ready to accept the Association of Serb municipalities in Kosovo but it`s strongly against the executive and judicial powers of that Association.
According Serbian media U.S. government support this position of Priština. Other QUINT countries (France, Italy, UK and even Germany) consider the Serbian proposition as “reasonable”.
Still, Serbian PM Ivica Dačić, who is considered as favorite of U.S. in the Serbian government, said earlier that Serbia wouldn`t give up on its legitimate interests just to get a date for the start of EU membership:
“Serbia showed the will for a compromise in the talks with Priština authorities. We don`t have anything else to propose except the Kosovo independence and we will never do it. Everyone must know one thing: we won`t give up on our legitimate interests just to get a date for the start of EU membership. Don`t count on it”, said Dačić.
Serbia already enjoys the support from UN Security Council members Russia and China regarding Kosovo. It remains to be seen if U.S. would retain their position regarding this problem. If that happens, it is very hard to expect the sustainable solution of Kosovo problem in the near future, especially considering the announcements about Greater Albania which were made by the highest officials from Albania recently.
If it`s not solved, Kosovo problem and Albanian nationalism could bring great danger for other Balkan nations, such as FYR Macedonia (in the first place), Greece and Montenegro. That would destabilize the whole Balkan region but Europe itself as well.